Speed Up The Web – Part II

Speed Up The Web - Part II

Posted:  July 1, 2011

Speed Up The Web - Part II

Welcome my friends to a second installment and follow-up to our Speed Up The Web series.

In this installment we will be discussing another similar technique that was previously discussed in Part I.

Minifying and Concatenating your stylesheets and javascripts.
The previous process discussed a method to do this for your .Net website automatically by parsing the outputted HTML for your stylesheets and scripts, combining them into one string each, saving the strings to server cache and finally rendering them through a gzipped output.

This is all done by utilizing a .Net HttpModule.

I thought it would be the perfect solution, but have since found out otherwise. While the methology involved remains the same, the delivery method is what is changing. I have found that if you utilize Master Pages (or have developed a highly customizable CMS system like myself), this method simply does not work.

Thus, I set myself the task of making something work.

What I found was that by using a Response.Filter on the IO.Stream of the HTML rendered, we can accomplish the same goals, without any modifications to your web.config file, and without the use of an HttpModule.

In my test configuration, I simply have 3 files (default.aspx, default2.aspx, and default3.aspx);

  • Default.aspx simply is an .Net HTML file with 2 references to 2 seperate stylesheet files, with the filter applied on Page_Load in the code behind
  • Default2.aspx simply contains a placeholder reference for the Master Page we use for it, which happens to contain the same structure as Default.aspx
  • Default3.aspx is the same file as Default.aspx, except it does not contain the filter in the code behind.

For testing we used FireFox, and the handy dandy FireBug plugin, and the results were as such:

  • Default.aspx – Fresh Load – Non-Cached: 3 Requests = 2.25s | Cached: 3 Requests From Cache = 1.67s
  • Default2.aspx – Fresh Load – Non-Cached: 3 Requests = 2.15s | Cached: 3 Requests From Cache = 1.77s
  • Default3.aspx – Fresh Load – Non-Cached: 7 Requests = 3.32s | Cached: 7 Requests No Cache = 3.25s

The biggest thing to note here is the number of requests.

Complete File Listing:

  • /App_Code/Common.vb
  • /App_Code/DynamicCompression.vb
  • /Scripts/custom.js
  • /Scripts/jquery_latest.js
  • /Scripts/jquery.pngFix.pack.js.js
  • /Scripts/jquery.preloadcssimages.js.js
  • /Styles/layout1.css
  • /Styles/layout2.css
  • /Default.aspx w/Code Behind
  • /Default2.aspx w/Code Behind
  • /Default3.aspx w/Code Behind
  • /MasterPage.master w/Code Behind
  • /Script.aspx w/o Code Behind
  • /Style.aspx w/o Code Behind
  • /web.config

And now, without further ado… the code (I won’t bother posting the code for the scripts and styles….that’ll be up to you to do):

/App_Code/Common.vb

Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

'''

''' Our common class file
'''

'''
Public Class Common

'''

''' Let's cache this stuff
'''

'''
Public Shared Sub CacheIt()
' Allow the browser to store resposes in the 'History' folder
HttpContext.Current.Response.Cache.SetAllowResponseInBrowserHistory(True)
' Set our cacheability to Public
HttpContext.Current.Response.Cache.SetCacheability(HttpCacheability.Public)
' Resource is valid until the expiration has passed
HttpContext.Current.Response.Cache.SetValidUntilExpires(True)
' Set out last modified date to last year
HttpContext.Current.Response.Cache.SetLastModified(Date.Now.AddDays(-366))
' We want to store and cache the resource
HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("Cache-Control", "store, cache")
' Set the Pragma to cache
HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("pragma", "cache")
' Not sure if this one really works, but it doesn't throw an error, and Google likes resources served from a cookie-less domain... eh... worth a shot
HttpContext.Current.Response.AddHeader("Set-Cookie", "false")
' Make sure our cache control is Public
HttpContext.Current.Response.CacheControl = "public" '
'Set the expiration date of the resource until next year
HttpContext.Current.Response.Expires = 24 * 60 * 366
HttpContext.Current.Response.ExpiresAbsolute = DateAdd(DateInterval.Hour, 24 * 366, Date.Now)
End Sub

'''

''' Let's check to see if the browser accepts GZip encoding
'''

'''
'''
Public Shared Function IsGZipEnabled() As Boolean
Dim accEncoding As String = HttpContext.Current.Request.Headers("Accept-Encoding")
'Does the browser accept content encoding?
If (Not accEncoding Is Nothing) Then
If (accEncoding.Contains("gzip") Or accEncoding.Contains("deflate")) Then
Return True
Else
Return False
End If
Else
Return False
End If
End Function

End Class

/App_Code/DynamicComression.vb

Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions
Imports System.Text
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Web.Caching

Namespace ZipCM

'''

''' Our compressor class for miniying and concatenating javascript files and css files
'''

'''
Public Class Compressor
Inherits System.IO.Stream

#Region " Properties "

#Region " Required Properties by the IO.Stream Interface "

Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Length() As Long
Get

End Get
End Property

Public Overrides Property Position() As Long
Get

End Get
Set(ByVal value As Long)

End Set
End Property

Public Overrides ReadOnly Property CanRead() As Boolean
Get

End Get
End Property

Public Overrides ReadOnly Property CanSeek() As Boolean
Get

End Get
End Property

Public Overrides ReadOnly Property CanWrite() As Boolean
Get

End Get
End Property

#End Region

#Region " Internal Properties "

Private HTML As String, FileCSS As String, FileJS As String
Private context As HttpContext
Private PageID As Long
Private Base As System.IO.Stream

#End Region

#End Region

#Region " Methods "

#Region " Public "

#Region " Required by IO.Stream "

Public Overrides Sub Flush()

End Sub

Public Overrides Function Read(ByVal buffer() As Byte, ByVal offset As Integer, ByVal count As Integer) As Integer
Return Me.Base.Read(buffer, offset, count)
End Function

Public Overrides Function Seek(ByVal offset As Long, ByVal origin As System.IO.SeekOrigin) As Long

End Function

Public Overrides Sub SetLength(ByVal value As Long)

End Sub

#End Region

'''

''' Fire up our class passing in our Response Stream
'''

''''''
Public Sub New(ByVal ResponseStream As System.IO.Stream)
' Just in case it does not exist, let's throw up ;)
If ResponseStream Is Nothing Then Throw New ArgumentNullException("ResponseStream")
' Set our Response to the IO.Stream
Me.Base = ResponseStream
End Sub

'''

''' We want to overwrite our default Write method so we can do our stuff
'''

''''''''''''
Public Overrides Sub Write(ByVal buffer() As Byte, ByVal offset As Integer, ByVal count As Integer)
' Get HTML code from the Stream
HTML = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetString(buffer, offset, count)
'Compress and Concatenate the CSS
Me.CompressStyles(HTML)
'Compress and Concatenate the JS
Me.CompressJavascript(HTML)
' Send output, but replace some unneeded stuff first, like tabs, and multi-spaces
HTML = HTML.Replace(vbTab, String.Empty).Replace(" ", String.Empty).Replace(vbCrLf, String.Empty)
' Set the buffer to the Bytes gotten from our HTML
buffer = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(HTML)
' Write It Out (not unlike 'Spit It Out - Slipknot'
Me.Base.Write(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)
End Sub

#End Region

#Region " Internal "

'''

''' Compress and Concatenate Our Style Sheets
'''

''''''
Private Sub CompressStyles(ByVal StrFile As String)
Dim FilesM As MatchCollection, FileName As String
' Grab all references to stylesheets as they are in our HTML
FilesM = Regex.Matches(StrFile, " <link.*?href=""(.*?)"".*?>")
Dim M(FilesM.Count - 1) As String
' Now that we have all our files in a match collection,
' we'll loop through each file and put each line together into one string
For i As Long = 0 To M.Length - 1
M(i) = FilesM(i).Groups(1).Value
FileName = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath(M(i).Replace("/", ""))
FileName = FileName.Replace("\", "")
' Make sure the file exists locally, then read the entire thing to add into our string
If File.Exists(FileName) Then
Using objFile As New StreamReader(FileName)
FileCSS += objFile.ReadToEnd
objFile.Close()
End Using
' Now that we have our concatenated string,
' let's replace the unneeded stuff
' Comments
FileCSS = Regex.Replace(FileCSS, "/*.+?*/", "", RegexOptions.Singleline)
' 2 Spaces
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(" ", String.Empty)
' Carriage Return
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(vbCr, String.Empty)
' Line Feed
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(vbLf, String.Empty)
' Hard Return
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(vbCrLf, String.Empty)
' Tabs w/ a single space
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(vbTab, " ")
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace("t", String.Empty)
' Get rid of spaces next to the special characters
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(" {", "{")
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace("{ ", "{")
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(" }", "}")
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace("} ", "}")
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(" :", ":")
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(": ", ":")
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(", ", ",")
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace("; ", ";")
FileCSS = FileCSS.Replace(";}", "}")
' Another comment
FileCSS = Regex.Replace(FileCSS, "/*[^*]**+([^/*]**+)*/", "$1")
End If
Next
Dim tmpCt As Long = 0
' One more loop to get rid of the multiple references,
' and replace it with a sigle reference to our new and improved stylesheet file
For Each tmpS As Match In FilesM
tmpCt += 1
If tmpCt = FilesM.Count Then
' If our count = the number of matches then replace
StrFile = StrFile.Replace(tmpS.Groups(0).ToString(), " ")
Else
' if not, just get rid of it
StrFile = StrFile.Replace(tmpS.Groups(0).ToString(), String.Empty)
End If
Next
FilesM = Nothing
' Need to put the New and Improved CSS string somewhere!
' What a better place for it, then the server cache
HttpContext.Current.Cache("CSS") = FileCSS
' We also need to return the improved HTML
HTML = StrFile
End Sub

'''

''' Compress Our Scripts
'''

''''''
Private Sub CompressJavascript(ByVal StrFile As String)
Dim FilesM1 As MatchCollection, FileName As String
' Grab all references to script files as they are in our HTML
FilesM1 = Regex.Matches(StrFile, "<script.*?src=""(.*?)"".*?>")
Dim M1(FilesM1.Count - 1) As String
' Now that we have all our files in a match collection,
' we'll loop through each file and put each line together into one string
For j As Long = 0 To M1.Length - 1
M1(j) = FilesM1(j).Groups(1).Value
FileName = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath(M1(j).Replace("/", ""))
FileName = FileName.Replace("\", "")
' Make sure the file exists locally, then read the entire thing to add into our string
If File.Exists(FileName) Then
Using objFile1 As New StreamReader(FileName)
FileJS += objFile1.ReadToEnd
objFile1.Close()
End Using
' Now that we have our concatenated string,
' let's replace the unneeded stuff
' Comments
FileJS = Regex.Replace(FileJS, "(// .*?$)", "", RegexOptions.Multiline)
FileJS = Regex.Replace(FileJS, "(/*.*?*/)", "", RegexOptions.Multiline)
' 2 Spaces with 1 Space
FileJS = FileJS.Replace(" ", " ")
' Carriage Return
FileJS = FileJS.Replace(vbCr, vbLf)
' Hard Return w/ Line Feed
FileJS = FileJS.Replace(vbCrLf, vbLf)
' Tabs with a single space
FileJS = FileJS.Replace(vbTab, " ")
End If
Next
Dim tmpCt1 As Long = 0
' One more loop to get rid of the multiple references,
' and replace it with a sigle reference to our new and improved stylesheet file
For Each tmpS As Match In FilesM1
tmpCt1 += 1
If tmpCt1 = FilesM1.Count Then
' If our count = the number of matches then replace
StrFile = StrFile.Replace(tmpS.Groups(0).ToString(), "") Else ' if not, just get rid of it StrFile = StrFile.Replace(tmpS.Groups(0).ToString(), String.Empty) End If Next FilesM1 = Nothing ' Need to put the New and Improved JS Somewhere! ' What a better place for it then the server cache HttpContext.Current.Cache("JS") = FileJS ' Also need to return the New and Improved HTML HTML = StrFile End Sub #End Region #End Region End Class End Namespace

/Default.aspx

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="false" CodeFile="Default.aspx.vb" Inherits="_Default" Debug="true" %>

 

 

Just a test to make sure the CSS and JS works
Click Here

/Default.aspx.vb

Partial Class _Default
Inherits System.Web.UI.Page

Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
'Enable GZip Encoding for this page
If Common.IsGZipEnabled() Then
Dim accEncoding As String
accEncoding = Context.Request.Headers("Accept-Encoding")
If accEncoding.Contains("gzip") Then
Response.Filter = New System.IO.Compression.GZipStream(Response.Filter, System.IO.Compression.CompressionMode.Compress)
Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "gzip")
Else
Response.Filter = New System.IO.Compression.DeflateStream(Response.Filter, System.IO.Compression.CompressionMode.Compress)
Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "deflate")
End If
End If
'Cache our response in the browser
Common.CacheIt()
'Concatenate and Minify our Scripts and Stylesheets
Response.Filter = New ZipCM.Compressor(Response.Filter)
End Sub

End Class

/Default2.aspx – blank Code-Behind

<%@ Page Language="VB" MasterPageFile="~/MasterPage.master" AutoEventWireup="false" CodeFile="Default2.aspx.vb" Inherits="Default2" title="Untitled Page" %>

Just a test to make sure the CSS and JS works
Click Here

/Default3.aspx – Blank Code-Behind, contains the exact same code as /Default.aspx, except without the Code-Behind Processing

/MasterPage.master

<%@ Master Language="VB" CodeFile="MasterPage.master.vb" Inherits="MasterPage" %>

 

 

 

/MasterPage.master.vb

Partial Class MasterPage
Inherits System.Web.UI.MasterPage

Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
'Enable GZip Encoding for this page
If Common.IsGZipEnabled() Then
Dim accEncoding As String
accEncoding = Context.Request.Headers("Accept-Encoding")
If accEncoding.Contains("gzip") Then
Response.Filter = New System.IO.Compression.GZipStream(Response.Filter, System.IO.Compression.CompressionMode.Compress)
Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "gzip")
Else
Response.Filter = New System.IO.Compression.DeflateStream(Response.Filter, System.IO.Compression.CompressionMode.Compress)
Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "deflate")
End If
End If
'Cache our response in the browser
Common.CacheIt()
'Concatenate and Minify our Scripts and Stylesheets
Response.Filter = New ZipCM.Compressor(Response.Filter)
End Sub
End Class

/Script.aspx

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%
'Enable GZip Encoding
If Common.IsGZipEnabled() Then
Dim accEncoding As String
accEncoding = Context.Request.Headers("Accept-Encoding")
If accEncoding.Contains("gzip") Then
Context.Response.Filter = New System.IO.Compression.GZipStream(Context.Response.Filter, System.IO.Compression.CompressionMode.Compress)
Context.Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "gzip")
Else
Context.Response.Filter = New System.IO.Compression.DeflateStream(Context.Response.Filter, System.IO.Compression.CompressionMode.Compress)
Context.Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "deflate")
End If
End If
'Cache our response in the browser
Common.CacheIt()
'Set the content type to output true javascript
Response.ContentType = "text/javascript"
If Not (Cache("JS") Is Nothing) Then
'write out the javascript string from our cache
Response.Write(Cache("JS").ToString())
End If
%>

/Style.aspx

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%
'Enable GZip Encoding
If Common.IsGZipEnabled() Then
Dim accEncoding As String
accEncoding = Context.Request.Headers("Accept-Encoding")
If accEncoding.Contains("gzip") Then
Context.Response.Filter = New System.IO.Compression.GZipStream(Context.Response.Filter, System.IO.Compression.CompressionMode.Compress)
Context.Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "gzip")
Else
Context.Response.Filter = New System.IO.Compression.DeflateStream(Context.Response.Filter, System.IO.Compression.CompressionMode.Compress)
Context.Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "deflate")
End If
End If
'Cache our response in the browser
Common.CacheIt()
'Set the content type to output true CSS
Response.ContentType = "text/css"
If Not (Cache("CSS") Is Nothing) Then
'Write it out from the cache
Response.Write(Cache("CSS").ToString())
End If
%>
Kevin Pirnie

Kevin Pirnie

20+ Years of PC and server maintenance & over 15+ years of web development/design experience; you can rest assured that I take every measure possible to ensure your computers are running to their peak potentials. I treat them as if they were mine, and I am quite a stickler about keeping my machines up to date and optimized to run as well as they can.

Our Privacy Policy

Revised: June 8, 2021

Thank you for choosing to be part of my website at https://kevinpirnie.com (“Company”, “I”, “me”, “mine”). I am committed to protecting your personal information and your right to privacy. If you have any questions or concerns about this privacy notice, or my practices with regards to your personal information, please contact me at .

When you visit my website https://kevinpirnie.com (the “Website”), and more generally, use any of my services (the “Services”, which include the Website), I appreciate that you are trusting me with your personal information. I take your privacy very seriously. In this privacy notice, I seek to explain to you in the clearest way possible what information we collect, how I use it and what rights you have in relation to it. I hope you take some time to read through it carefully, as it is important. If there are any terms in this privacy notice that you do not agree with, please discontinue use of my Services immediately.

This privacy notice applies to all information collected through my Services (which, as described above, includes our Website), as well as, any related services, sales, marketing or events.

Please read this privacy notice carefully as it will help you understand what I do with the information that I collect.

1. WHAT INFORMATION DO I COLLECT?

Information automatically collected

In Short: Some information – such as your Internet Protocol (IP) address and/or browser and device characteristics – is collected automatically when you visit my Website.

I automatically collect certain information when you visit, use or navigate the Website. This information does not reveal your specific identity (like your name or contact information) but may include device and usage information, such as your IP address, browser and device characteristics, operating system, language preferences, referring URLs, device name, country, location, information about how and when you use our Website and other technical information. This information is primarily needed to maintain the security and operation of our Website, and for our internal analytics and reporting purposes.

Like many businesses, I also collect information through cookies and similar technologies.

The information I collect includes:
Log and Usage Data. Log and usage data is service-related, diagnostic, usage and performance information our servers automatically collect when you access or use our Website and which we record in log files. Depending on how you interact with us, this log data may include your IP address, device information, browser type and settings and information about your activity in the Website (such as the date/time stamps associated with your usage, pages and files viewed, searches and other actions you take such as which features you use), device event information (such as system activity, error reports (sometimes called ‘crash dumps’) and hardware settings).

Device Data. I collect device data such as information about your computer, phone, tablet or other device you use to access the Website. Depending on the device used, this device data may include information such as your IP address (or proxy server), device and application identification numbers, location, browser type, hardware model Internet service provider and/or mobile carrier, operating system and system configuration information.

Location Data. I collect location data such as information about your device’s location, which can be either precise or imprecise. How much information I collect depends on the type and settings of the device you use to access the Website. For example, I may use GPS and other technologies to collect geolocation data that tells me your current location (based on your IP address). You can opt out of allowing me to collect this information either by refusing access to the information or by disabling your Location setting on your device. Note however, if you choose to opt out, you may not be able to use certain aspects of the Services.

2. HOW DO I USE YOUR INFORMATION?

In Short: I process your information for purposes based on legitimate business interests, the fulfillment of my contract with you, compliance with my legal obligations, and/or your consent.

I use personal information collected via my Website for a variety of business purposes described below. I process your personal information for these purposes in reliance on my legitimate business interests, in order to enter into or perform a contract with you, with your consent, and/or for compliance with my legal obligations. I indicate the specific processing grounds I rely on next to each purpose listed below.

For other business purposes. I may use your information for other business purposes, such as data analysis, identifying usage trends, determining the effectiveness of our promotional campaigns and to evaluate and improve my Website, products, marketing and your experience. I may use and store this information in aggregated and anonymized form so that it is not associated with individual end users and does not include personal information. I will not use identifiable personal information without your consent.

3. WILL YOUR INFORMATION BE SHARED WITH ANYONE?

In Short: I only share information with your consent, to comply with laws, to provide you with services, to protect your rights, or to fulfill business obligations.

4. DO WE USE COOKIES AND OTHER TRACKING TECHNOLOGIES?

In Short: I may use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect and store your information.

I may use cookies and similar tracking technologies (like web beacons and pixels) to access or store information. Specific information about how I use such technologies and how you can refuse certain cookies is set out in our Cookie Notice.

5. IS YOUR INFORMATION TRANSFERRED INTERNATIONALLY?

In Short: We may transfer, store, and process your information in countries other than your own.

My servers are located in the United States of America, unless otherwise requested by my clients. If you are accessing my Website from outside, please be aware that your information may be transferred to, stored, and processed by me in my facilities and by those third parties with whom I may share your personal information (see “WILL YOUR INFORMATION BE SHARED WITH ANYONE?” above), in and other countries.

If you are a resident in the European Economic Area, then these countries may not necessarily have data protection laws or other similar laws as comprehensive as those in your country. I will however take all necessary measures to protect your personal information in accordance with this privacy notice and applicable law.

6. HOW LONG DO WE KEEP YOUR INFORMATION?

In Short: I keep your information for as long as necessary to fulfill the purposes outlined in this privacy notice unless otherwise required by law.

I will only keep your personal information for as long as it is necessary for the purposes set out in this privacy notice, unless a longer retention period is required or permitted by law (such as tax, accounting or other legal requirements). No purpose in this notice will require me keeping your personal information for longer than 6 months.

When I have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, I will either delete or anonymize such information, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then I will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.

7. HOW DO WE KEEP YOUR INFORMATION SAFE?

In Short: I aim to protect your personal information through a system of organizational and technical security measures.

I have implemented appropriate technical and organizational security measures designed to protect the security of any personal information I process. However, despite our safeguards and efforts to secure your information, no electronic transmission over the Internet or information storage technology can be guaranteed to be 100% secure, so I cannot promise or guarantee that hackers, cybercriminals, or other unauthorized third parties will not be able to defeat my security, and improperly collect, access, steal, or modify your information. Although I will do my best to protect your personal information, transmission of personal information to and from my Website is at your own risk. You should only access the Website within a secure environment.

8. DO WE COLLECT INFORMATION FROM MINORS?

In Short: I do not knowingly collect data from or market to children under 18 years of age.

I do not knowingly solicit data from or market to children under 18 years of age. By using the Website, you represent that you are at least 18 or that you are the parent or guardian of such a minor and consent to such minor dependent’s use of the Website. If I learn that personal information from users less than 18 years of age has been collected, I will deactivate the account and take reasonable measures to promptly delete such data from my records. If you become aware of any data I may have collected from children under age 18, please contact me at .

9. WHAT ARE YOUR PRIVACY RIGHTS?

In Short: You may review, change, or terminate your account at any time.

If you are a resident in the European Economic Area and you believe I am unlawfully processing your personal information, you also have the right to complain to your local data protection supervisory authority. You can find their contact details here: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/bodies/authorities/index_en.htm.

If you are a resident in Switzerland, the contact details for the data protection authorities are available here: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/data-protection/bodies/authorities/index_en.htm.

Cookies and similar technologies: Most Web browsers are set to accept cookies by default. If you prefer, you can usually choose to set your browser to remove cookies and to reject cookies. If you choose to remove cookies or reject cookies, this could affect certain features or services of my Website.

10. CONTROLS FOR DO-NOT-TRACK FEATURES

Most web browsers and some mobile operating systems and mobile applications include a Do-Not-Track (“DNT”) feature or setting you can activate to signal your privacy preference not to have data about your online browsing activities monitored and collected. At this stage no uniform technology standard for recognizing and implementing DNT signals has been finalized. As such, I do not currently respond to DNT browser signals or any other mechanism that automatically communicates your choice not to be tracked online. If a standard for online tracking is adopted that I must follow in the future, I will inform you about that practice in a revised version of this privacy notice.

11. DO CALIFORNIA RESIDENTS HAVE SPECIFIC PRIVACY RIGHTS?

In Short: Yes, if you are a resident of California, you are granted specific rights regarding access to your personal information.

California Civil Code Section 1798.83, also known as the “Shine The Light” law, permits my users who are California residents to request and obtain from me, once a year and free of charge, information about categories of personal information (if any) I disclosed to third parties for direct marketing purposes and the names and addresses of all third parties with which I shared personal information in the immediately preceding calendar year. If you are a California resident and would like to make such a request, please submit your request in writing to me using the contact information provided below.

If you are under 18 years of age, reside in California, and have a registered account with the Website, you have the right to request removal of unwanted data that you publicly post on the Website. To request removal of such data, please contact us using the contact information provided below, and include the email address associated with your account and a statement that you reside in California. I will make sure the data is not publicly displayed on the Website, but please be aware that the data may not be completely or comprehensively removed from all my systems (e.g. backups, etc.).

12. DO I MAKE UPDATES TO THIS NOTICE?

In Short: Yes, I will update this notice as necessary to stay compliant with relevant laws.

I may update this privacy notice from time to time. The updated version will be indicated by an updated “Revised” date and the updated version will be effective as soon as it is accessible. If I make material changes to this privacy notice, I may notify you either by prominently posting a notice of such changes or by directly sending you a notification. We encourage you to review this privacy notice frequently to be informed of how I am protecting your information.

13. HOW CAN YOU CONTACT ME ABOUT THIS NOTICE?

If you have questions or comments about this notice, you may email me at or by post to:

Kevin C. Pirnie

22 Orlando St.
Feeding Hills, MA 01030
United States of America

14. HOW CAN YOU REVIEW, UPDATE, OR DELETE THE DATA I COLLECT FROM YOU?

Based on the applicable laws of your country, you may have the right to request access to the personal information I collect from you, change that information, or delete it in some circumstances. To request to review, update, or delete your personal information, you may email me at or by post to:

Kevin C. Pirnie

22 Orlando St.
Feeding Hills, MA 01030
United States of America